Korczak was born in 1878 in Warsaw, Poland. Though his parents were well off for part of his childhood, Korczak was very aware of the poverty and suffering of other less fortunate children in Warsaw. When he was 11 years old, his father became ill and his family began to struggle because he could no longer work. Korczak tutored to help out and when he went off to university, he knew he wanted to devote his life to helping children as a doctor.
Soon Dr. Korczak was a well-known, well-respected writer of articles explaining his ideas about education and orphanages. When he was asked to be director of a new Jewish orphanage, Korczak jumped at the chance because “he wanted to do more than make children well, he wanted to change their lives.” (pg 10)
The orphanage was opened in 1912 and was very democratically run. For example, the children governed themselves, decided on punishments, and participated in discussions about problems that were encountered within the orphanage. But Korczak also believed children should have fun. He always told them stories, and played games with them. Every summer, the kids went to a camp in the countryside. Korczak also wrote and published books for children and adults, his most famous being King Matt the First.
When the Nazis invaded Poland and forced all Jews to live in the ghetto they had created, Korczak , his staff and his orphans were forced to live in a single crowded room. Life was difficult and the children became thin and sickly. Korczak would roam the streets of the ghetto, scrounging around for food, medical supplies and anything else they might be able to use.
On 6 August 1942, the Nazis ordered Korczak and the children to the train station, to be transported to Treblinka extermination camp. It has been written by many who witnessed the procession through the streets about the quiet dignified manner with which Korczak and his children conducted themselves. Though nothing could save them from their horrible fate, Korczak’s ideas about and success with children continue to be inspirational. As Bogacki notes at the end to the story:
In honor of Korczak’s work, the United Nations declared 1979 the International Year of the Child. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, created in 1989, was strongly influenced by Korczak’s theories.Bogacki both wrote and illustrated this beautiful picture book depicting the life of Janusz Korczak. He was influenced by stories his grandmother had told him about this remarkable doctor.
The Champion of Children: the Story of Janusz Korczak received the following honors:
2009 National Jewish Book Award – Finalist
2010 Sydney Taylor Notable Books for Older Readers
Non-Fiction Monday is hosted this week by http://missrumphiuseffect.blogspot.com/2010/09/nonfiction-monday-is-here.html
Thanks for the recommendation. This does look interesting, giving us another look at WWII with a different perspective.ReplyDelete
This is my first time to your site and like the titles you are reviewing. A couple of new ones for me as well as some of my favorites.
Apples with many seeds
Thanks, Tammy, I am glad you like my site and the choices I have made so far. I hope you will come back.ReplyDelete
By the way, I like your site too.
I found you through Nonfiction Monday. So glad I landed on your blog. It's just what I need to broaden my awareness about WWII. I've researched a small school in NC, interviewed numerous former students and found all kinds of homefront stories. I was amazed at what the school children did for the war effort.ReplyDelete
Welcome, I am glad you found my blog. I hope it is helpful. Your research sounds very interesting. I know what you mean about school children participating in the war effort. I have gone through numerous magazines from the war and there are always stories about kids in them.ReplyDelete
On 6 August 1942 - Deportation was on August 5thReplyDelete
Train Station - Umschlagsplats was not an ordinary Train Station - rather an loading area for cattle car trains