I am pleased to be hosting the Nonfiction Monday Round-up this week! If you would like to participate, please leave a comment below including the title of the book you are reviewing, the name of your blog and a link to the post, and I will add links throughout the day.
The book begins with a brief history of women’s participation in past wars, including Revolutionary War, the Civil War and World War I, as well as the prevailing attitudes that women’s place is in the home.
It then goes on to give a short account of Hitler’s rise to power and the actions he took that eventually led to another World War. This is followed by a description of how the United States entered the Second World War.
With so many men being drafted or enlisting, a labor shortage was created. Yet, employers were as reluctant to hire women as women were to seek jobs outside the home.
As factories were converted for defense, machinery was rebuilt to accommodate women and assembly line production methods instituted. Then the government launched an all-out propaganda campaign to tempt women to fill these new, sometimes dangerous jobs in ordnance work making military supplies, such as bombs and ammunition. And so the image of Rosie was created:
|J. Howard Miller's original Rosie |
Sadly, as needed as home front workers were, many minorities, for example, African-Americans, were usually overlooked for these positions. In 1941, under threat of a huge protest, restrictions were somewhat lifted and some people of color were hired for defense jobs.
|Geraldine Hoff Doyle in 1997|
Included at the back of the book is a glossary of unfamiliar terms, followed by a timeline of women’s war time contributions, and recommendations for further information.
|Rosie as interpreted by |
Norman Rockwell in 1943
Until I read this book, I didn’t know there was a Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Park in Richmond, California. More information about this may be found at http://www.rosietheriveter.org/